Laser facials: a complete overview

One of the most popular fields in the field of hardware facials is laser cosmetology. What is laser skin rejuvenation? What procedures exist and what types of lasers are used in cosmetology? How to take good care of your skin after using a laser? We analyze all the details.

Features of laser cosmetology

First, let's find out what laser facial rejuvenation is and how it differs from other types of cosmetic procedures. As you can guess from the name, a distinguishing feature of the entire group of procedures is the use of a laser - a device that acts on the skin with the thinnest, tightly directed beam of light.

Cosmetological lasers used to rejuvenate facial skin can have different power, wavelength of light, pulse frequency, and depth of tissue penetration. . . However, the principle of action is the same for them: the laser heats and vaporizes certain skin layers, thus triggering processes of deep renewal and restoration of the skin.

Laser rejuvenation can be considered an effective alternative to plastic surgery. Cellular level laser treatments trigger skin regeneration processes and contribute to an overall firming and rejuvenating effect - without the need for surgery and allowing you to achieve the most natural result.

Indications for laser rejuvenation

indications for laser rejuvenation

Laser facial cosmetology is suitable for solving a wide range of problems:

  • pronounced signs of skin aging: loss of tone, flaccidity, sagging, appearance of wrinkles and age spots;
  • uneven relief of the skin: presence of scars, scars, acne marks;
  • slight sagging of the tissues (moderate ptosis) and blurred outline of the face;
  • Skin imperfections: dilated pores, vascular networks, wrinkles mimicry.

At the same time, there are not so many contraindications to laser procedures:

  • chronic diseases, especially at the stage of exacerbation (it is better to know the exact list from a beautician when choosing a specific procedure);
  • Pregnancy and breast feeding;
  • inflammatory and / or infectious processes in the planned treatment areas (including acne in the acute stage);
  • increased tendency of the skin to form scars (consult a beautician).

Types of lasers in cosmetology

There are several types of laser classification: depending on wavelength, radiation spectrum, mode of operation and other parameters. In order not to get lost in terminology, let's just take a look at the most popular types of lasers used in cosmetology.

Erbium laser

The Erbium laser has a short wavelength of light and is used for so-called "cold" laser treatments. It has a rather gentle effect on the skin, acting in the upper layers of the epidermis. In cosmetology, the use of an erbium laser is considered to be the least traumatic for the skin and practically does not entail a risk of burns.

Carbon dioxide laser

Carbon dioxide laser (carboxylic, CO2 laser) has a much longer wavelength than erbium, it is used in cosmetology to trigger the synthesis of collagen and elastin in the deep layers of the skin. At the same time, it is important to understand that more laser resurfacing using a co2 laser involves a longer recovery period and requires special skills on the part of the specialist performing the procedure.

Neodymium laser

The neodymium laser is also used in cosmetology to deeply affect the skin of the face. It is not only suitable for anti-aging procedures, but also for removing scars, scars, vascular networks, tattoos and permanent makeup. Procedures that use it may be mildly painful for people with a low threshold of pain sensitivity.

Ablation in cosmetology

ablative laser for skin rejuvenation

We have decided to include this complex section in order to briefly introduce you to the methods of laser skin exposure. Knowing these terms will help you better understand your esthetician's recommendations and make an informed choice of the type of intervention.

Non-ablative rejuvenation

The non-ablative method consists of a slight heating of the tissues, which does not involve damage to the surface of the skin. It is used to fight against minor signs of aging, surface pigmentation and fatigue of the skin of the face. Its advantages include fairly rapid recovery, with conditional disadvantages - a cumulative effect and the need to perform a number of procedures.

Ablative rejuvenation

The ablative method involves a continuous uniform effect of elevated skin surface temperatures (the same "layer evaporation"), which affects both the epidermis and the dermis layers. It is used to correct pronounced signs of aging, smooth wrinkles, stretch marks and scars, eliminate hyperpigmentation, fight against sagging and sagging skin. Such a "laser facelift" requires a fairly long recovery period, but it can give an effect comparable to the results of plastic surgery.

Fractional rejuvenation

The fractional effect of a laser involves the scattering of the laser beam into a large number of micro-beams. This allows you to treat not the entire skin area as a whole, but small micro-areas - which is a smoother and more atraumatic effect on the skin. Today, fractional rejuvenation is considered the "gold standard" in cosmetology. Unlike conventional ablation, it does not require such a long rehabilitation period and rarely leads to the formation of itchy scabs.

4 popular laser facial treatments

What is laser facial resurfacing? How is it different from laser peeling? Why is laser photorejuvenation necessary and when is biorevitalization done with a laser? We will tell you about the most popular laser procedures.

Laser facial peel

The classic laser peel is superficial - it affects only the upper layers of the epidermis. It is recommended for mild age-related changes, to correct hyperpigmentation and freckles, for general skin leveling and relief. It helps eliminate dullness and the primary loss of elasticity and is generally not used to combat the pronounced signs of skin aging.

Facial laser resurfacing

In fact, facial skin resurfacing is the same laser peel, but with a deep impact. If, during the classic peel, the work is done with the upper layers of the skin, then laser resurfacing of the skin of the face also affects the deep dermal structures, affecting the basic elastin-collagen structure.

Laser resurfacing is used to remove small scars and scars, combat pronounced age-related changes (deep wrinkles and folds in the skin), remove moderate ptosis, correct facial relief and tone, remove skinvascular mesh and shrink pores.

Laser biorevitalization

Laser biorevitalization is one of the most effective ways to saturate the skin with hyaluronic acid using laser radiation. During the procedure, a special gel with hyaluronic acid is applied to the skin. Under the influence of a laser beam, its fractions penetrate deep into the layers of the dermis, ensuring intensive saturation of the skin with hydration and stimulating the synthesis of its own collagen and elastin by the skin.

Laser photorejuvenation

Photorejuvenation is the treatment of the skin with a laser device with short bursts of high intensity radiation. Laser photorejuvenation is a non-ablative procedure and is suitable for the treatment of initial to moderate changes in skin condition. It is also recommended for deep cleansing of the skin and the fight against fine vascular networks.

Rehabilitation after laser interventions: an overview of funds

Antioxidant Serum

What is included:

  • 15% L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C);
  • 1% α-tocopherol (vitamin E);
  • 0. 5% ferulic acid.

How is it used for laser procedures:

At the preparation stage, the use of an antioxidant serum makes it possible to strengthen the protective properties of the skin, to prevent the negative effects of free radicals on it and to prepare the skin for the action of the laser.

Immediately after the procedure, thanks to the action of laser radiation, the active penetration of vitamin C into the skin cells and the complex work of all components of the serum begins. This helps to reduce possible side effects, reduces the rate of development of unwanted skin reactions, and reduces post-operative inflammation.

In home care, it shortens the convalescence period and durably consolidates the results of laser interventions. The action of the serum further reduces hyperpigmentation and improves skin texture. In addition, the serum improves the synthesis of the main structural proteins of the skin, prolonging the effect of the laser action.

Corrective cream

What is in:

  • 2% of ceramides I and III;
  • 4% cholesterol;
  • 2% ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids.

How is it used for laser procedures:

After the procedure, a corrective lipid-replenishing cream is used in combination with a serum. It helps restore the skin's hydrolipidic balance, reduce moisture loss, and help restore skin firmness and elasticity.

Soothing Hydrating Serum

What is included:

  • hyaluronic acid;
  • thyme leaf extract;
  • olive leaf extract.

How is it used for laser procedures:

After interventions and in home care, a soothing hydrating serum is used to reduce any skin reactions (redness, inflammation) to laser treatment. Powerful plant extracts help accelerate skin regeneration and strengthen its protective barrier. The serum gel helps to soothe the skin damaged by the laser and to consolidate the results of the treatments.

It is used immediately after non-ablative and fractional hardware techniques. After the ablative techniques, they begin to apply it to the face 5 to 7 days after the procedure.

Solar fluid

What is included:

  • 100% mineral filters;
  • titanium dioxide;
  • artemia saline (plankton extract).

How is it used for laser procedures:

Laser exposure makes the skin extremely sensitive to the sun (a phenomenon called photosensitivity). That is why it is not recommended to perform laser procedures in the summer. However, in other seasons it is very important to protect the skin from the negative effects of ultraviolet rays.

Using sunscreen fluid after treatments and at home will help protect photosensitive skin from the harmful effects of UVA and UVB rays and the signs of photoaging. The fluid can be used under makeup, it gives the skin a pleasant matte finish and helps to even out the complexion.

Our article was devoted to laser cosmetology: what it is for, what goals and objectives it solves, what effect it has on the skin of the face. We hope that a detailed review helped you understand this topic and find the most interesting procedures for yourself!